Types of Disabilities

Types of Disabilities

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According to the Canadian Legal Problems Survey (CLPS) report, approximately 18 % of people living in Canada’s province are facing one serious dispute. In that, one-third (33%) of people with disabilities reported experiencing one or more serious problems. 

The word “disability” covers a degree of conditions and a huge range. A disability can be by born, caused due to any accident, or formed over time or like anything. 

There are different types of disabilities which people are facing in their lives. How to get rid with these problems. 

Different types of disabilities in Toronto, Canada:

Many disabled persons find problems at work and many other places. Let’s understand the types of disabilities people are facing. 

  • Ableism, negative Stereotype/ attitudes towards a disabled person:

From ancient times it has been seen that people with disabilities have been negatively stereotyped in many distinct ways. This negative inception can lead to low self esteem, and isolation, marginalization, lack of opportunities, recurring negative health that extend the discomfort to the disabled persons. 

The way that people with disabilities are treated in their communities, and at work (for those who are lucky enough to have a job) is really bad.

  • Mental health disabilities and addictions:

Mental health disabilities and addictions are an issue in people and after the COVID 19 pandemic, it become one of the major problems. A person with addictions and mental health problems can face a high degree of stigmatization and significant barriers such as not being able to do daily activities due to depression, anxiety, anorexia, substance abuse, etc.. As per the Canadian government, approximately 2 million Canadians are suffering from a mental disabilities.

Stigmatization can create an environment that is more stressful and may even cause or aggravate the person’s condition. Additionally, it could imply that someone in need of assistance could hesitate to ask for it out of concern for being judged.  

  • Disabilities that are Not Visible: 

Some disabilities are not visible such as Chronic Pain and Fibromyalgia.  

The prime problem with this kind of disability is that one cannot analyze or see the pain that the patient is suffering. But those who are dealing with these dangerous disabilities, they only know the pain and fatigue they feel are real. 

Whether the disability is obvious or not, a significant amount of prejudice that people experience the disabilities are supported by social assumptions of “normality,” which in turn tend to reinforce rather than promote ways to assure full participation. 

Many of these disabilities are not generally understood in society since they are not “visible,” as the saying goes. Stereotypes, stigma, and discrimination may result from this.

  • Changes in Disability laws:

In some situations, it is still unclear from the law whether a given condition qualifies as a disability under the Code. For instance, in the past, human rights judges have determined that obesity is not a disability under the Code unless it results from a physical injury, a congenital defect, or a disease. 

But more recently, the HRTO discovered that being extremely obese qualifies as a disability under the Code. 

The European Court of Justice declared in 2014 that if a worker’s weight prevents him or her from fully participating in professional life, that employee’s morbid obesity qualifies as a handicap under the Equal Treatment in Employment Directive. 

So to deal with the difficulties, you can consult with a disability lawyer. Furthermore, you can talk to your manager in case you are facing this discrimination at your workplace. If you don’t want to do this informally, you can raise a grievance. However, if raising a grievance does not work, then look for advice from a disability lawyer and make a claim for disability discrimination. 

Hope this guide will be helpful if you are facing some disabilities.

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